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Nov 23
25 tweets

Whatever happened, happened. Now, we have to move forward. One of the areas where I see crypto having an edge is Proof of Physical Work. Why is this the case? Let's dive in ๐Ÿงต

1/ During the week of the FTX saga, @Hivemapper launched. We will discover the benefits of Proof of Physical Work (PoPW) as we dive into Hivemapper.
2/ First of all, PoPW can be seen as incentivising actors to do verifiable work that builds real-world infrastructure. Helium is the most successful PoPW-project thus far and builds a global, decentralised wireless network. Now, Hivemapper has set out to build a global map.
3/ 1) A key characteristic of PoPW is that crypto is not the product. The product offering is a tangible improvement over competitors - with crypto only as an element in its success.
4/ Founded by @ariel seidman, Hivemapper is building a global map. How do they do this? Dash-cams with token incentives. That's how we get to PoPW 2nd key characteristic.
5/ 2) PoPW solves the chicken-and-egg problem of networks. How to bootstrap supply when there is not yet demand?
6/ Give suppliers a token that _should_ go up over time as demand catches fire. When demand uses the network, their contributions burn the native token, decreasing supply.
7/ Drivers with a dashcam are incentivised through $HONEY tokens. Token payout is based on the local demand, coverage & freshness of the spatial data. When companies and users access the map, $HONEY token is burned and map credits minted.
8/ Let's examine for a sec how incumbents such as Google Maps and Apple Maps build Street View. Once every few years, a car with a full-specs camera comes past your street and records the surroundings.
9/ That's how incumbents lose out on freshness. Below's a Google Maps' shot in downtown SF from Nov '15...
Google Maps Nov '15 downdown SF
10/ Hivemapper makes it possible to cheaply record and upload our daily ride home as a crowd-sourced map, making the freshness of data the killer-feature. Freshness makes way for businesses to make informed decision on logistics, deliveries and directions
11/ Let's talk about networks and how PoPW supercharges them As outlined in @cdixon.eth thread below, token incentives offer the possibility to bootstrap networks Financial utility rewards supply-side from the get-go. Only then can demand start using the network for native utility.
The basic idea is: early on during the bootstrapping phase when network effects havenโ€™t kicked in, provide users with financial utility via token rewards to make up for the lack of native utility.
12/ Despite the urge to supercharge networks, buildoors of PoPW networks do face a trade-off of decentralisation vs. efficiency. Helium is the most developed PoPW project so let's have a look at their experience:
13/ Helium's "distribution"-layer of nodes is credible-neutral, and the 975K peoples-owned hotspots are based on open-source standards.
14/ While "execution"-layer is on a path of progressive decentralisation from @Nova Labs to @Helium Foundation, Helium's success remains highly dependent on the OG team. New parties such as @Hexagon Wireless @Hotspotty ๐ŸŽˆ have emerged to build within the Helium ecosystem.
15/ PoPW can be divided into two categories: 1. fungible hardware is when location is irrelevant to the network. The networks are used for storage & compute by @Filecoin, @Arweave Team and @Render Network | RNDR


Two important developments have been recently evolved for @Render Network | RNDR: 1. Proposed tokenomics changing $RNDR from a simple โ€™17 ICO token to an utility token with clear value accrual 2. The flocking of Ethereum miners to the Render Network Letโ€™s dive in! ๐Ÿงต
16/ 2. for non-fungible hardware proximity between nodes and demand in the network does matter. These networks are used for wireless & mobility by @Helium๐ŸŽˆ & @Pollen Mobile ๐Ÿ and @DIMO ๐Ÿš™โšก๏ธ๐Ÿ“ก & @Hivemapper


DeWi is creatively destructing the massive telecoms industry. What problem does the telecoms industry face? Why are DeWi faves @Helium๐ŸŽˆ & @Pollen Mobile ๐Ÿ primed to solve the issue? Anon, it's about time we dive into Decentralised Wireless Let's dive in ๐Ÿ‘‡
17/ What's next for PoPW? It remains to be seen which vertical will next see successful adoption, but let's leave a hint on where to look for: Helium and Render Network both attribute their success greatly to recent innovations:
18/ -@Helium Mobile builds 5G on the spectrum that only recently became available through CBRS. -Render Networks plays the price arbitrage, where @NVIDIA charges consumer GPUs way lower prices than for AWS' data centres.
19/ These innovations wouldn't have changed competitor landscapes were they not combined with token incentives. Combined with novel innovation, that's where PoPW can have the greatest impact.
20/ Regulatory hurdles remain ahead. The Burn and Mint model used in PoPW projects could potentially be seen as security as its value is based on the net present value of future cash flows. Hopefully US regulation will be open for novel capital formation through crypto tokens.
21/ Oh and on a personal note: one other reason I appreciate PoPW projects is that the founders of the top3 projects are true visionaries within their verticals eg. not catching the boat during the '21 bull run.
22/ @amir.hnt (๐ŸŽˆ,๐Ÿซก) set out to build IoT networks with Helium in 2013. @Jules Urbach built world-class render software @OTOY and in 2009, he patented the token-based billing model for server-side rendering. @ariel seidman fell in love with maps back in 2007 while working for Yahoo Maps.
23/ Want to chat about PoPW? DMs always open:) Thanks to @Yash Bora & @nancy for feedback:)
24/ If you're interested in reading more content from Chapter One Labs, please check out the @Chapter One library.


researcher @chapterone + economics @erasmusuni prev: consulting intern @thenextweb
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